(Sagua la Grande, Cuba, 1902 - 1982, Paris)
Moved to Madrid from 1923 to 1938. Moved to Paris in 1938. Moved to Marseille in 1940. Moved to Paris in 1946.
Lam began studying art as a young man in Cuba. A scholarship to continue his education brought him to Madrid in 1923, where he stayed until the 1938 outbreak of the Spanish Civil War forced him to flee to Paris. Lam’s move to France marked a turning point in his career, representing the time when he befriended and began collaborating with such leading artists as Pablo Picasso and André Breton. Lam’s exchanges with the European avant-garde introduced him to surrealism and cubism, groundbreaking art movements of the time. Lam displayed an affinity toward African culture from an early age, an interest that was later encouraged by Picasso, who also drew inspiration from African visual imagery.