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Alfredo Zalce

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Alfredo Zalce
20th century
(Pátzcuaro, Michoacán, Mexico, 1908 - 2003, Morelia, Mexico)

Born 1908, Pátzcuaro, Michoacán, Mexico; active 1924–50, Mexico City; 1950–2003, Morelia, Mexico Zalce studied at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (San Carlos) between 1924 and 1927. In 1930 he established an open-air school of painting in Taxco, state of Guerrero. The next year he took instruction in lithography under Emilio Amero; his first woodcuts were executed in the mid-1930s. From 1933 to 1935, Zalce was a drawing teacher in primary schools; between 1935 and 1940 he worked with Las Misiones Culturales. Along with Pablo O'Higgins, Leopoldo Méndez and Fernando Gamboa he painted a mural for the Talleres Gráficos de la Nación building in 1936. In 1938 Zalce collaborated with Méndez on a mural in the Confederación Revolucionaria Michoacana in Morelia, Michoacan. He also painted murals in the Escuela Normal de Puebla with Angel Bracho. Zalce taught painting at the Escuela de Pintura y Escultura "La Esmeralda" and mural painting at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (San Carlos) during the 1940s. He was a founding member of both the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios and the Taller de Gráfica Popular. During the 1940s he was especially active in the graphic arts. In 1945 he spent several months travelling in the states of Campeche, Yucatán and Quintana Roo. His impressions from this trip are expressed in a series of eight lithographs, Estampas de Yucatán. The following year he illustrated El sombreron by the poet Bernardo Ortíz de Montellano with forty color prints. Zalce also created woodcut illustrations for Kinehil by Martin Luis Guzmán. In 1948 the Palacio de Bellas Arts presented a retrospective of his prints and drawings. Zalce became director of the Escuela de Artes Plásticas de la Universidad Michoacan in 1950 and the Escuela de Pintura y Escultura de Morelia in 1962.

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