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Francis Seymour Haden
(London, 1818 - 1910, Bramdean, England)
Haden was Whistler's brother-in-law and a surgeon by profession. He undertook etching initially as a means of training his hand and eye for surgery and later returned to it as a means of relaxation from his work. Strongly anti-academic, he believed in an individual's creativity expressed with immediacy and insisted on "a rapid execution which pays little attention to detail." For this reason, he rejected the technique of multiple bitings, such as practiced by Samuel Palmer, and advocated that the plate should be drawn and bitten preferably in the same day so as to limit the gap between initial conception and execution.