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Roberto Montenegro

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Roberto Montenegro
20th century
(Guadalajara, Mexico, 1881 - 1968, Mexico City)

Montenegro went to Mexico City in 1905 to study at the Academy of San Carlos. A scholarship then took him to Europe where he proceeded to settle in various places: Madrid (1906), Paris (1907), Italy (1909), and again in Spain, on the island of Mallorca (1914). In 1920, Montenegro returned to Mexico and in 1922 became the first artist to receive a government commission for a mural. He subsequenly painted many more. In 1926, he published a book entitled Máscaras mexicanas (Mexican Masks). Between 1928 and 1936, Montenegro worked as a stage designer and in 1934 he was appointed director of the Museum of Popular Arts at the Palacio de Bellas Artes. In 1940, he was put in charge of the Popular Art section for the exhibition "Twenty Centuries of Mexican Art" at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Montenegro was a guest artist of the Taller de Gráfica Popular in 1941. In 1950, he published the work, Retablos de Mexico (Altarpieces of Mexico). The year of his death, he became a founding member of the Mexico Academy of Arts.

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