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Marsden Hartley

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Marsden Hartley
20th century
(Lewiston, Maine, 1877 - 1943, Ellsworth, Maine)

Born 1877, Lewiston, ME; active 1899–1907, New York and Maine; 1907–1909, Boston; 1909–12, New York; 1912–16, Paris and Berlin; 1917–21, Maine, New York, Taos, NM, and Gloucester, MA; 1921–29, Europe; 1930–37, trips to various countries; 1937–43, Maine; died 1943, Ellsworth, ME One of the first American painters to successfully respond to European modernism, Marsden Hartley was born in Lewiston, Maine, and began his artistic career when he moved to New York in 1898 to study with William Merritt Chase. Along with John Marin, Arthur Dove, and Georgia O’Keeffe, Hartley was a member of an intellectual collective of artists that became known as the Stieglitz Circle. This group regularly exhibited and met at photographer Alfred Stieglitz’s Photo Secession Gallery, 291, in the early decades of the twentieth-century. Adopting a modernist style inspired by the work of Matisse, Picasso, and Cézanne, these artists created distinctly personal responses to nature and the urban environment, utilizing abstracted forms, liberating color from representation, and treating space in a non-traditional manner.

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