Mercado de Tehuantepec [Tehuantepec Market]
38.7 cm x 50.8 cm (15 1/4 in. x 20 in.)
(Guanajuato, Mexico, 1886 - 1957, Mexico City)
Latin America, Mexican
Medium and Support:
Lithograph, printed in black ink with yellow tone stone
Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Archer M. Huntington Museum Fund, 1986
“Mercado de Tehuantepec” reflects Diego Rivera’s lifelong project to create a modern Mexican aesthetic. When developing a post-revolutionary national iconography during the 1920’s, Rivera often drew on the country’s traditional heritage. Here, he depicts the market at Tehuantepec, a Oaxacan city known for its indigenous culture, rich traditions, and famous rebellion against Spanish authorities in the colonial period. Prominent cultural officials like José Vasconcelos promoted Tehuantepec as a site of “mexicanidad,” or Mexican identity, which inspired Rivera’s many depictions of the city in his murals and prints.