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Study for "Justice, Peace, and Truth"

circa 1666-1672
17th century
47.6 cm x 41.6 cm (18 3/4 in. x 16 3/8 in.)

Giovanni Battista Gaulli (Baciccio) (Genoa, Italy, 1639 - 1709, Rome, Italy) Primary

Object Type: painting
Artist Nationality: Europe, Italian
Medium and Support: Oil on canvas
Credit Line: Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017
Accession Number: 2017.1142

This work depicts Justice, who holds her scales and sword, being kissed by Peace, with an olive branch. The bright orb at right is being held by the truncated figure of Truth. Together they reference Psalm 85:11–12: “Justice and Peace will kiss. Truth will spring from the earth; Justice will look down from heaven.” Here, Justice also presses her foot down on a winged demon with a serpent’s tail, a personification of vice or discord. Giovanni Battista Gaulli made several preparatory drawings depicting this theme for a fresco project commissioned by the Pamphili family for their church, Sant’Agnese in Rome.

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