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Happiest Day: Wedding Customs in Transition

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Allegory of the Marriage of the Duke of Bourgogne and Marie Adelaide of Savoy, after Sebastien Leclerc

17th-18th century
57.4 cm x 43 cm (22 5/8 in. x 16 15/16 in.)

Charles-Louis Simmoneau, the elder (Orléans, 1645 - 1728, Paris) Primary

Object Type: print
Artist Nationality: Europe, French
Medium and Support: Engraving
Credit Line: Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Archer M. Huntington Museum Fund, 1993
Accession Number: 1993.128

As part of a peace treaty between France and Savoy, the princess Marie-Adelaide, aged 10, was betrothed to Louis, Duke of Burgundy, heir to the French throne, in 1695 in a public ceremony at the ducal palace in Savoy without ever having seen her fiancé. Through envoys, Louis XIV negotiated the marriage contract After she signed the contract, she moved to Versailles where she was raised and educated in the French court. Two years later, the wedding was held. Simmoneau allegorizes the event by placing it on Mt. Olympus in full view of all the classical gods. Prints such as this would have been distributed among courts of Europe to show the new alliance between France and the ever defiant duchy of Savoy.

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