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Saint James Vanquishing the Moors

circa 1630
17th century
50.4 cm x 60.2 cm (19 13/16 in. x 23 11/16 in.)

Cerano (Giovanni Battista Crespi) (Cerano (?), near Novara, Italy, 1575 - 1632, Milan, Italy) Primary

Object Type: painting
Artist Nationality: Europe, Italian
Medium and Support: Oil on canvas
Credit Line: Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017
Accession Number: 2017.1032

In the panorama of early 17th century painting, the Milanese school occupies a singular place. In the wake of the catastrophic plague of 1576, the legendary episcopate of Saint Charles Borromeo, and the resulting preoccupation with religious reform, the city’s culture was pervaded by profound skepticism and spiritual intensity. Involving Mannerist formulae and eccentric inventions, but also the progressive elements of Caravaggio’s chiaroscuro and then Rubens’s dynamism, the school’s painting tends toward the supernatural: the highly subjective, even the irrational, made real to the senses.

Of the school’s three leading painters, Cerano was the most complex, visionary, and affecting. His mature style features, and derives its practically existential meaning from, exaggerated contrast between enveloping darkness and celestial light, general monochrome and localized color, thin handling and fluid impasti, pervasive melancholy and momentary ecstasy. In this late picture, related in theme and principal motif to a monumental canvas of Saint Dominic Defeating the Albigensians at Cremona, these contrasts make the representation of militant faith haunting and universal.

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