{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 16432, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16432", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.957", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "late 1570s", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1570", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1570", "Disp_Title" : "Adoration of the Shepherds", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Adoration of the Shepherds", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Luca Cambiaso", "Sort_Artist" : "Cambiaso, Luca", "Disp_Dimen" : "90.3 cm x 47.3 cm (35 9/16 in. x 18 5/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "90.3 cm", "Disp_Width" : "47.3 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "canvas", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "On several occasions, beginning with the great altarpiece for San Domenico in Bologna, Cambiaso rendered the Adoration of the Shepherds as a nocturne. With its extreme simplificaiton of composition and articulation of individual figures, this is a late version, of a size suited for private devotion. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Can pull if we need something, only one from R91A in play Very dark picture, sweet but not our best Cambiaso Could be used in diamond hang of Cambiasos (FC:jb 4/6/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.957.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.957.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.957.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.957.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2726", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 16471, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16471", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.974", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "circa 1565", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1560", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1570", "Disp_Title" : "Suicide of Lucretia", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Suicide of Lucretia", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Luca Cambiaso", "Sort_Artist" : "Cambiaso, Luca", "Disp_Dimen" : "166.4 cm x 90.2 cm (65 1/2 in. x 35 1/2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "166.4 cm", "Disp_Width" : "90.2 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "canvas", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : " ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Ranking is provisional (FC:jb 4/2/15) Medallion, would help hold in middle (FC:jb 4/2/15) Ranking adjusted (FC:jp 5/26/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.974.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.974.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.974.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.974.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2580", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 16437, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16437", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.966", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "late 1570s", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1570", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1570", "Disp_Title" : "Holy Family with Saint Anne", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Holy Family with Saint Anne", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Luca Cambiaso", "Sort_Artist" : "Cambiaso, Luca", "Disp_Dimen" : "92.8 cm x 73.2 cm (36 9/16 in. x 28 13/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "92.8 cm", "Disp_Width" : "73.2 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "canvas", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Concluding just years before the execution of this painting, the Council of Trent had proposed systematic reform of the Catholic Church and responses to the Reformation. Its provisions for religious art included decrees that the subjects of paintings be easily intelligible and that there be no distraction from overly characterized or intrinsically appealing style, rather that devout feelings be stirred in the viewer. At a far frontier of Mannerism, pushing the research of ideal form beyond conventional pictorial standards, Cambiaso was already inclined toward the kind of "styleless style" implied by the Council’s imperatives. In his mature religious works, he perfected a mode that is diagrammatic in subject and practically shorn of material appeal, but equipped with unprecedentedly naturalistic incidents, specifically the action of light, that relieve the abstractness and cue a sentimental response. This painting is an important early example of this religious mode, ideal in essence, while predicting features of the early Baroque, and anticipating features of Caravaggio and Georges de La Tour.", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.966.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.966.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.966.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.966.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2579", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 16451, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16451", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.963", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "early 1570s", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1570", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1570", "Disp_Title" : "Ecce Homo", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Ecce Homo", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Luca Cambiaso", "Sort_Artist" : "Cambiaso, Luca", "Disp_Dimen" : "108 cm x 98 cm (42 1/2 in. x 38 9/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "108 cm", "Disp_Width" : "98 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "canvas", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""Ecce Homo," a Latin phrase meaning “behold the man,” represents a scene from the Passion. Pontius Pilate presents Jesus, bound and crowned with thorns, before a crowd demanding his crucifixion. Here the tumult of the scene is replaced with a quiet, almost meditative atmosphere. The simplicity of narrative closely reflects the religious and artistic environment in which Luca Cambiaso worked. Faced with the rise of Protestantism in the sixteenth century, the Catholic Church carried out a series of reforms, now referred to as the Counter-Reformation. During this period, the Catholic Church encouraged artists to make decorous images with minimal distractions, like this painting, to communicate the Catholic doctrines effectively. Through its simplified composition, Cambiaso’s "Ecce Homo" invites the viewer to focus on the suffering of Jesus. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Ranking is provisional (FC:jb 4/2/15) Ranking adjusted (FC:jp 5/26/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.963.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.963.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.963.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.963.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2727", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 16469, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16469", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.967", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "early 1570s", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1570", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1570", "Disp_Title" : "Madonna and Child with Saint Catherine and an Angel", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Madonna and Child with Saint Catherine and an Angel", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Luca Cambiaso", "Sort_Artist" : "Cambiaso, Luca", "Disp_Dimen" : "140.9 cm x 102.6 cm (55 1/2 in. x 40 3/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "140.9 cm", "Disp_Width" : "102.6 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "canvas", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Concluding just years before the execution of this painting, the Council of Trent proposed the systematic reform of the Catholic Church, largely in response to the Protestant Reformation. The Council and its subsequent interpreters insisted that religious painting should be scripturally accurate, clearly legible, and stirring of devout feeling in the viewer. After a long collaboration with the brilliant architect Bergamasco and an increasing manufacture during the 1560s, Luca Cambiaso had already developed a more calculated, spare, and efficacious style. For the later religious works, consonant with, if not explicitly serving, the new ideals, he perfected a mode that is diagrammatic in subject and radically pared of obvious material appeal. To relieve the abstractness, to cue a sentimental response, and certainly also to satisfy his own instincts as a painter, Cambiaso equipped this mode with passages of stunning natural observation and tender human interaction. The most original and striking of these paintings are the nocturnes, concentrated in the early 1570s. This picture is the grandest of three examples in the Suida-Manning Collection. While the general conception and function of these nocturnes point toward Cambiaso’s last activity, as official painter to the Spanish king Philip II at the monastery of the Escorial, their coherent light and authentic feeling anticipate the tenebrism of the early Baroque, from Caravaggio to Georges de La Tour and Gerrit van Honthorst.", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Wonderful, lovely, should be upstairs (FC:jb 5/13/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.967.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.967.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.967.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.967.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2581", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 16443, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16443", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.964", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "circa 1569", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1564", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1574", "Disp_Title" : "Esther and Ahasuerus", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Esther and Ahasuerus", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Luca Cambiaso", "Sort_Artist" : "Cambiaso, Luca", "Disp_Dimen" : "98.4 cm x 88.5 cm (38 3/4 in. x 34 13/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "98.4 cm", "Disp_Width" : "88.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "canvas", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Before the mid 16th century, Genoese patrons generally satisfied their artistic needs by importing works or artists themselves from elsewhere in Italy or even the North. The activity of Luca Cambiaso represents the foundation of a native and highly progressive school of painting. First trained locally by his father, Cambiaso then went to Rome, where he assimilated the current style based on Michelangelo’s painting. Returning to Genoa, he cultivated the geometry and ideality that underpin that style. This led to the development of what is perhaps the most abstract and intellectualized style of the entire Italian Renaissance. Its characteristics are an extreme simplification of form, opacity of expression, broadness of execution, and modality according to the subject and function of the painting. Rendering the Jewish queen’s courageous intercession with the Persian king to save her people, this painting is an outstanding example of Cambiaso’s most conventionally beautiful mode. Expressing the powerful conjunction of physical allure and moral force, the subject was a favorite from around this time through the 18th century. Typical of Cambiaso’s art, the composition is spare, schematic, and still. True to this mode, and appropriate to the subject, the description is relatively generous, the touch, especially in the ornament, delicate, and the tenor gentle. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Ranking is provisional (FC:jb 4/2/15) Higher up (FC:jb 4/2/15) Ranking adjusted (JP 5/19/15) Ranking adjusted (FC:jp 5/26/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.964.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.964.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.964.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.964.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2578", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }