{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 16519, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16519", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.913", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "circa 1428-29", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "", "_Disp_End_Date" : "", "Disp_Title" : "Madonna and Child", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Madonna and Child", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Circle of Michelino da Besozzo", "Sort_Artist" : "Besozzo, Circle of Michelino da", "Disp_Dimen" : "56.4 cm x 38.4 cm (22 3/16 in. x 15 1/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "56.4 cm", "Disp_Width" : "38.4 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "panel", "Medium" : "Tempera with tooled gold leaf on wood panel", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Tempera with tooled gold leaf on wood panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Fashionable at the established courts of Europe around 1400, closely associated with miniature painting, the International Gothic style was at once traditional in its decorative elegance and more progressive in its emergent naturalism. In Milan, the leading figure of this style was Michelino da Besozzo, whose work is distinguished by an almost arbitrarily lyrical line and poignant characterization. The subject of the present picture is a favorite International Gothic type, the Madonna of Humility, in which a Virgin of appealing human aspect sits upon a cushion or the ground itself. This subject is interpreted with something of the suave rhythms and affecting expression of Michelino’s works. At the same time, the figures are more regular in construction, insistent in modeling, and literal in address than his. This same combination of characteristics, and probably the identical hand, are apparent in an important processional standard in Milan’s Museo del Duomo that can be dated 1429. Either the two pictures correspond to a later stage of Michelino’s development or, more likely, the style of a follower. Certainly they bridge the International Gothic at its purest and the earliest works of the school’s next great master, Vincenzo Foppa. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Ranking is provisional (FC:jb 4/2/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.913.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.913.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.913.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.913.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2600", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 16418, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16418", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.915.a", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "circa 1495-1500", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1495", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1500", "Disp_Title" : "Saint Jerome", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Saint Jerome", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Giovanni Ambrogio Bevilacqua", "Sort_Artist" : "Bevilacqua, Giovanni Ambrogio", "Disp_Dimen" : "76 cm x 52.5 cm (29 15/16 in. x 20 11/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "76 cm", "Disp_Width" : "52.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "canvas", "Medium" : "Tempera with gold leaf on wood panel", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Tempera with gold leaf on wood panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Saints Augustine and Jerome are two of the fathers of the Western church who are venerated especially for their scholarly roles in laying the foundation of Christian thought. Jerome translated the Bible into Latin, and Augustine authored "Confessions" and "City of God." Emphasizing the two saints’ literary contributions, these paintings represent them engaged in writing. Their identification is reinforced by their attributes: Saint Augustine is wearing the habit of the Augustinian Order, while Saint Jerome is in his red cardinal’s robe and hat alongside a lion. The curvilinear form of the edges and the low viewpoint indicate that the paintings were most likely the upper corners of an altarpiece composed of multiple panels. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Ranking is provisional (FC:jb 4/2/15) Farther away and higher up (FC:jb 4/2/15) Stays in, important and rare (FC 4/2/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.915.a.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.915.a.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.915.a.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.915.a.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "4814", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 16419, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16419", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.915.b", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "circa 1495-1500", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1495", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1500", "Disp_Title" : "Saint Augustine", "Alt_Title" : "Previously called "Saint Gregory"", "Obj_Title" : "Saint Augustine", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Giovanni Ambrogio Bevilacqua", "Sort_Artist" : "Bevilacqua, Giovanni Ambrogio", "Disp_Dimen" : "76.2 cm x 57 cm (30 in. x 22 7/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "76.2 cm", "Disp_Width" : "57 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "canvas", "Medium" : "Tempera with gold leaf on wood panel", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Tempera with gold leaf on wood panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Saints Augustine and Jerome are two of the fathers of the Western church who are venerated especially for their scholarly roles in laying the foundation of Christian thought. Jerome translated the Bible into Latin, and Augustine authored "Confessions" and "City of God." Emphasizing the two saints’ literary contributions, these paintings represent them engaged in writing. Their identification is reinforced by their attributes: Saint Augustine is wearing the habit of the Augustinian Order, while Saint Jerome is in his red cardinal’s robe and hat alongside a lion. The curvilinear form of the edges and the low viewpoint indicate that the paintings were most likely the upper corners of an altarpiece composed of multiple panels.", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Ranking is provisional (FC:jb 4/2/15) Farther away and higher up (FC:jb 4/2/15) Stays in, important and rare (FC 4/2/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.915.b.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.915.b.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.915.b.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.915.b.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "4815", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 16082, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16082", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.940", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1490s", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1490", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1490", "Disp_Title" : "Supper at Bethany", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Supper at Bethany", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Bernardino Butinone", "Sort_Artist" : "Butinone, Bernardino", "Disp_Dimen" : "25.4 cm x 20.5 cm (10 in. x 8 1/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "25.4 cm", "Disp_Width" : "20.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "panel", "Medium" : "Tempera", "Support" : "wood panel", "Disp_Medium" : "Tempera on wood panel", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Coming to the town of Bethany, Jesus and his disciples were invited to a supper in the house of Lazarus. When they sat down at the table, Mary Magdalene, sister of Lazarus, anointed Jesus' feet with costly perfume and wiped it with her hair. Considered to be a prefiguration of Jesus' death and burial, this story was one of the popular subjects in Christian art. The Blanton's painting belongs to a series of fifteen panels that illustrate important moments from the life of Jesus. As a whole, they would have formed a part of a large altarpiece and functioned as the Bible for those who could not read. In order to enhance the illusion of space, Bernardino Butinone constructs the scene using linear perspective that was developed earlier in the century. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Ranking is provisional (FC:jb 4/2/15) Ranking adjusted (FC:jp 5/26/15) Ranking adjusted from B to B+ (FC:jp 7/10/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.940.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.940.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.940.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.940.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2764", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }