{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 16443, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16443", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.964", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "circa 1569", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1564", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1574", "Disp_Title" : "Esther and Ahasuerus", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Esther and Ahasuerus", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Luca Cambiaso", "Sort_Artist" : "Cambiaso, Luca", "Disp_Dimen" : "98.4 cm x 88.5 cm (38 3/4 in. x 34 13/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "98.4 cm", "Disp_Width" : "88.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "canvas", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Before the mid 16th century, Genoese patrons generally satisfied their artistic needs by importing works or artists themselves from elsewhere in Italy or even the North. The activity of Luca Cambiaso represents the foundation of a native and highly progressive school of painting. First trained locally by his father, Cambiaso then went to Rome, where he assimilated the current style based on Michelangelo’s painting. Returning to Genoa, he cultivated the geometry and ideality that underpin that style. This led to the development of what is perhaps the most abstract and intellectualized style of the entire Italian Renaissance. Its characteristics are an extreme simplification of form, opacity of expression, broadness of execution, and modality according to the subject and function of the painting. Rendering the Jewish queen’s courageous intercession with the Persian king to save her people, this painting is an outstanding example of Cambiaso’s most conventionally beautiful mode. Expressing the powerful conjunction of physical allure and moral force, the subject was a favorite from around this time through the 18th century. Typical of Cambiaso’s art, the composition is spare, schematic, and still. True to this mode, and appropriate to the subject, the description is relatively generous, the touch, especially in the ornament, delicate, and the tenor gentle. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Ranking is provisional (FC:jb 4/2/15) Higher up (FC:jb 4/2/15) Ranking adjusted (JP 5/19/15) Ranking adjusted (FC:jp 5/26/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.964.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.964.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.964.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.964.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2578", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 16451, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16451", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.963", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "early 1570s", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1570", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1570", "Disp_Title" : "Ecce Homo", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Ecce Homo", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Luca Cambiaso", "Sort_Artist" : "Cambiaso, Luca", "Disp_Dimen" : "108 cm x 98 cm (42 1/2 in. x 38 9/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "108 cm", "Disp_Width" : "98 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "canvas", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""Ecce Homo," a Latin phrase meaning “behold the man,” represents a scene from the Passion. Pontius Pilate presents Jesus, bound and crowned with thorns, before a crowd demanding his crucifixion. Here the tumult of the scene is replaced with a quiet, almost meditative atmosphere. The simplicity of narrative closely reflects the religious and artistic environment in which Luca Cambiaso worked. Faced with the rise of Protestantism in the sixteenth century, the Catholic Church carried out a series of reforms, now referred to as the Counter-Reformation. During this period, the Catholic Church encouraged artists to make decorous images with minimal distractions, like this painting, to communicate the Catholic doctrines effectively. Through its simplified composition, Cambiaso’s "Ecce Homo" invites the viewer to focus on the suffering of Jesus. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Ranking is provisional (FC:jb 4/2/15) Ranking adjusted (FC:jp 5/26/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.963.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.963.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.963.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.963.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2727", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }