{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 16364, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16364", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.976", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "circa 1562", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1557", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1567", "Disp_Title" : "The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Luca Cambiaso", "Sort_Artist" : "Cambiaso, Luca", "Disp_Dimen" : "56.9 cm x 41.8 cm (22 3/8 in. x 16 7/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "56.9 cm", "Disp_Width" : "41.8 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "Sheet", "Medium" : "Pen and brown ink with brush and brown wash over traces of black chalk on cream antique laid paper, laid down", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Pen and brown ink with brush and brown wash over traces of black chalk on cream antique laid paper, laid down", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Luca Cambiaso is the first great master of sixteenth-century Genoa and the virtual founder of its distinctive school of painting. The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian is a masterpiece of Cambiaso’s early maturity. His forms, although still in the style of Michelangelo, have been disciplined, smoothed into more regular shapes, and given more elegant proportion than in his earlier work. Around this time he began to employ lines whose varied weight, length, and velocity allowed more elliptic description and flexible structure. This drawing also demonstrates a new level of spatial mastery. While the archers define a horizontal concavity, the saint and angels create a vertical convexity. These intersecting curves involve the entire composition in an energizing tension and virtuoso resolution. Finally, the drawing conveys a consonantly refined and lyrical expression of the saint’s pathos, conspicuous in his face yet woven through the fabric of the entire work. The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian is no less sophisticated in function. Cambiaso’s earlier drawings still pertain to the graphic system of the early sixteenth century. This later example, rendered at high speed, emulates the summary notation of an advanced compositional study within that system. However, it was not preparatory, but conceived and executed as an autonomous work of art, as confirmed by its remarkable size. Such drawings enjoyed a tremendous success with the ambitious patrons of the artist’s paintings. The resulting production established the very idea of an independent market for drawings in which graphic character and individual personality are the commodities. The Blanton’s seven paintings and over a dozen autograph drawings by Cambiaso represent the most significant holdings of his work outside Genoa. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "Public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.976.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.976.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.976.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.976.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2577", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 16469, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16469", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.967", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "early 1570s", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1570", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1570", "Disp_Title" : "Madonna and Child with Saint Catherine and an Angel", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Madonna and Child with Saint Catherine and an Angel", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Luca Cambiaso", "Sort_Artist" : "Cambiaso, Luca", "Disp_Dimen" : "140.9 cm x 102.6 cm (55 1/2 in. x 40 3/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "140.9 cm", "Disp_Width" : "102.6 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "canvas", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Concluding just years before the execution of this painting, the Council of Trent proposed the systematic reform of the Catholic Church, largely in response to the Protestant Reformation. The Council and its subsequent interpreters insisted that religious painting should be scripturally accurate, clearly legible, and stirring of devout feeling in the viewer. After a long collaboration with the brilliant architect Bergamasco and an increasing manufacture during the 1560s, Luca Cambiaso had already developed a more calculated, spare, and efficacious style. For the later religious works, consonant with, if not explicitly serving, the new ideals, he perfected a mode that is diagrammatic in subject and radically pared of obvious material appeal. To relieve the abstractness, to cue a sentimental response, and certainly also to satisfy his own instincts as a painter, Cambiaso equipped this mode with passages of stunning natural observation and tender human interaction. The most original and striking of these paintings are the nocturnes, concentrated in the early 1570s. This picture is the grandest of three examples in the Suida-Manning Collection. While the general conception and function of these nocturnes point toward Cambiaso’s last activity, as official painter to the Spanish king Philip II at the monastery of the Escorial, their coherent light and authentic feeling anticipate the tenebrism of the early Baroque, from Caravaggio to Georges de La Tour and Gerrit van Honthorst.", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "European Paintings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Wonderful, lovely, should be upstairs (FC:jb 5/13/15)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.967.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.967.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.967.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.967.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2581", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 16497, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/16497", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.965", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "circa 1568", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1563", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1573", "Disp_Title" : "God the Father and Putti", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "God the Father and Putti", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Luca Cambiaso", "Sort_Artist" : "Cambiaso, Luca", "Disp_Dimen" : "23.1 cm x 33.8 cm (9 1/8 in. x 13 5/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "23.1 cm", "Disp_Width" : "33.8 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "Sheet", "Medium" : "Pen and brown ink with brush and brown wash on cream paper, laid down", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Pen and brown ink with brush and brown wash on cream paper, laid down", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Related motifs of God-the-Father amidst putti appear in the upper reaches of several altarpieces executed during the 1560s. The indication of the line of a po-lygonal cornice, however, indicates that this drawing was an early idea for architectural decoration, probably the vault fresco in the Zoagli Chapel in the church of Santissima Annunziata di Portoria. Possibly early Paggi (Jonathan Bober 5/13/11)", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, The Suida-Manning Collection, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "Public domain", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "Italian", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.965.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.965.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.965.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.965.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "2872", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }